Difference between revisions of "Danger"

From Citroen SM Wiki
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* The engine oil cooler hoses have separated on more than one car, spraying hot engine oil all over the engine, resulting in immediate fire loss or ruined bearings/destroyed engine.
 
* The engine oil cooler hoses have separated on more than one car, spraying hot engine oil all over the engine, resulting in immediate fire loss or ruined bearings/destroyed engine.
 
** Replace the hoses if there is any suspicion that they are old.
 
** Replace the hoses if there is any suspicion that they are old.
** Note that the fittings are Citroen-unique and must be retained from the old hoses.
+
** Note that the end fittings are Citroen-unique and must be retained from the old hoses.
  
* Sodium filled exhaust valves have aged poorly resulting in the exhaust valve heads separating and destroying the complete engine.  
+
* The sodium filled exhaust valves have aged poorly resulting in the exhaust valve heads detaching and often destroying the complete engine.  
 
** Unless you know for sure that the valves have been replaced, pull the heads to check. Do not start or run any I.E. engine or 3.0L engine untill you are certain the sodium valves hve been replaced. Solid modern alloy replacements are easily available.
 
** Unless you know for sure that the valves have been replaced, pull the heads to check. Do not start or run any I.E. engine or 3.0L engine untill you are certain the sodium valves hve been replaced. Solid modern alloy replacements are easily available.
  
 
* Fuel Lines
 
* Fuel Lines
** Not unique to the SM, but there are a lot of lines that harden and crack, spraying fuel all over. Replace IMMEDIATELY ANY externally braid re-infored tube with internally reinforced modern pipe labelled 'fuel use'.
+
** Not unique to the SM, but there are a lot of lines that harden and crack, spraying fuel all over. Replace IMMEDIATELY, ANY externally braid re-infored tube, with internally reinforced modern pipe labelled 'fuel use'.
 
** Don't neglect those around the [[Fuel Pump]] and [[Fuel Filler]].
 
** Don't neglect those around the [[Fuel Pump]] and [[Fuel Filler]].
  
 
* Injectors
 
* Injectors
** On early injected cars, the injectors part numbers are Bosch number is 0 280 150 003. The design of these is faulty and prone to leakage.
+
** On early injected cars, the injector part number is Bosch number is 0 280 150 003. The design of these is faulty and very prone to leakage from the body of the injector.
 
** Do not start, drive, or use any car with 003s.  
 
** Do not start, drive, or use any car with 003s.  
** They were replaced (in later production) with Bosch number is 0 280 150 043.
+
** They were replaced (in later production) with Bosch number 0 280 150 043 which are still available.
  
 
* Carburetors
 
* Carburetors

Revision as of 06:21, 31 July 2008

The Citroen SM is a magnificent machine, but old age has created some very hazardous situations that need your immediate attention.

  • The engine oil cooler hoses have separated on more than one car, spraying hot engine oil all over the engine, resulting in immediate fire loss or ruined bearings/destroyed engine.
    • Replace the hoses if there is any suspicion that they are old.
    • Note that the end fittings are Citroen-unique and must be retained from the old hoses.
  • The sodium filled exhaust valves have aged poorly resulting in the exhaust valve heads detaching and often destroying the complete engine.
    • Unless you know for sure that the valves have been replaced, pull the heads to check. Do not start or run any I.E. engine or 3.0L engine untill you are certain the sodium valves hve been replaced. Solid modern alloy replacements are easily available.
  • Fuel Lines
    • Not unique to the SM, but there are a lot of lines that harden and crack, spraying fuel all over. Replace IMMEDIATELY, ANY externally braid re-infored tube, with internally reinforced modern pipe labelled 'fuel use'.
    • Don't neglect those around the Fuel Pump and Fuel Filler.
  • Injectors
    • On early injected cars, the injector part number is Bosch number is 0 280 150 003. The design of these is faulty and very prone to leakage from the body of the injector.
    • Do not start, drive, or use any car with 003s.
    • They were replaced (in later production) with Bosch number 0 280 150 043 which are still available.
  • Carburetors
    • Accelerator pump diaphragms fail with age & leak.
    • Perhaps less likely, but the plugs sealing the machining passages can wiggle out.
    • Consider rebuilding the carbs to renew gaskets and seals.
  • Ignition switch
    • The alternator feed wire is unfused, and this feed wire passes almost the complete 360 degree circle of the engine compartment, including through the ignition switch. Voltage regulators have an design defect and a tap on the can may lead to grounding of this wire. When grounded it carries so much current it can overheat and short in the steering column. Fit an inline fuse right by the attachment spade on the regulator.
  • Lights wiring.
    • This can cause a burned wire in the steering column too if the wiring is damaged.